Home Definition In Pro Per (Legal Definition And Why It Matters)

In Pro Per (Legal Definition And Why It Matters)

What does In Pro Per mean?

How do you legally define it?

What are the important elements you should know!

Keep reading as we have gathered exactly the information that you need!

Let’s dig into our legal dictionary!

Are you ready?

Let’s get started!

In Pro Per Overview

In Pro Per is the short form to refer to the Latin phrase “In Propria Persona” meaning “in the person of yourself” or “for one’s own person”.

The term phrase “In Pro Per” is used to refer to a person who represents himself or herself in court without the assistance of an attorney or legal advisor.

When a person is self-representing in court, we say that the person is acting In Pro Per.

In Pro Per definition

What is the In Pro Per meaning?

According to Cornell Law School’s Legal Information Institute, quoting the definition from the Nolo Plain-English Law Dictionary, In Pro Per means:

A term derived from the Latin “in propria persona,” meaning “for one’s self,” used in some states to describe a person who handles his or her own case, without a lawyer. 
Author

In other words, a petitioner In Pro Per, a plaintiff In Pro Per or defendant In Pro Per all refer to individuals who are representing themselves in their own case without legal representation.

Plaintiff In Pro Per

Who is a plaintiff In Pro Per?

An In Pro Per plaintiff is a person who files a civil lawsuit or legal action against another in his or her own name without a lawyer.

A plaintiff is a party to a lawsuit seeking compensation from to court, asking the court for an order or relief.

A person filing a motion in court in the context of legal proceedings can be referred to as petitioner In Pro Per.

Typically, a plaintiff In Pro Per is a non-lawyer who does not have formal training and experience in law.

Some states refer to an individual acting on their behalf as an In Propria Persona litigant, other states say In Pro Per while others say Pro Se.

Defendant In Pro Per

Who is a defendant In Pro Per?

A defendant In Pro Per is a party representing itself as a defendant in a lawsuit.

A defendant is a person against whom a civil lawsuit or legal action is issued (complaint).

In the context of its defense, a defendant will need to prepare his or her own defense.

When a self-representing defendant presents a defense, we refer to it as an In Pro Per defense or Pro Se defense.

In Pro Per vs Pro Se

What is the difference between In Pro Per and Pro Se?

In Pro Per and In Pro Se refers to a person acting for himself or herself.

The two phrases are used interchangeably to refer to individuals and defendants who represent themselves in court without a lawyer or attorney’s assistance.

“In Pro Per” and “Pro Se” are both short forms of the Latin phrase “In Propria Persona”.

Takeaways 

So what is the legal definition of In Pro Per?

What is the term for representing yourself in court?

Let’s look at a summary of our findings.

In Pro Per:

  • In Pro Per is the short form of the Latin phrase In Propria Persona
  • In Propria Person’s literal translation to English is “in one’s own person”
  • Courts refer to individuals representing themselves without a lawyer as In Pro Per litigants (which includes a Plaintiff In Pro Per, Defendant In Pro Per or Petitioner In Pro Per)
  • In Pro Per and In Pro Se (or Pro Se) are equivalent to one another in court and both refer to a person dealing with a legal matter without an attorney 
Civil lawsuit
Criminal lawsuit 
In Perpetuam Rei Memoriam
In Personam
In Pios Usus
In procinctu
In Quantum Lucratus Est
In Re
In Rem
In Rem Jurisdiction
In Rerum Natura
In Situ
Legal documents 
Legal pleading 
Legal writing 
Pro Hac Vice
Pro Tanto
Author
Editorial Staffhttps://lawyer.zone
Hello Nation! I'm a lawyer and passionate about law. I've practiced law in a boutique law firm, worked in a multi-national organization and as in-house counsel. I've been around the block! On this blog, I provide you with golden nuggets of information about lawyers, attorneys, the law and legal theories. Enjoy!

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